Ichthyodiversity of Meghalaya: India

 

Ramanujam SN, Manorama M, Dey S

 

Fish Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, India.

e-mail: ramanujam_sunkam@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Meghalaya situated in the north-eastern region of India, is endowed with a rich variety of flora and fauna. A survey on the icthyofauna in seven districts of Meghalaya carried out from January 2008 to July 2009 has revealed 68 species belonging to 45 genera, 20 families and 6 orders. Cyprinidae were the most dominant group represented by 30 species belonging to 17 genera, followed by the family Sisoridae (4 species from 4 genera), Cobitidae (4 species from 3 genera), Bagridae (4 species from 2 genera), and Channidae (3 species from 1 genera). Diversity of fish decreased with increasing altitude and higher diversity was observed in sampling sites located between 0100 m above sea level. Major percentage of fishes belonged to the family Cyprinidae in all the seven districts of the State. The study deals with biodiversity of fish fauna from different districts of Meghalaya and their conservation aspects.

 

Key words: Icthyofauna, biodiversity, water bodies, conservation

 

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