Soleichthys dori, a new sole (Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae) from the Red Sea


John E. Randall1 and Thomas A. Munroe2


1Bishop Museum 1525 Bernice St., Honolulu, HI 96817-2704, USA.


2National Systematics Laboratory, NMFS/NOAA, P.O. Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20013-7012, USA.



Abstract: Soleichthys dori is described as a new species of soleid fish from 11 specimens collected in the Gulf of Aqaba and Dahlak Archipelago, Red Sea on sand bottom in 010.5 m. Formerly identified as S. heterorhinos (Bleeker), type locality Ambon, Indonesia, it is separated from this species by its more evenly dark-barred color pattern and having a snout length greater instead of less than the eye diameter. It is most similar in color to an undescribed species from the islands of Micronesia that has also been misidentified as S. heterorhinos, differing mainly by its lower lateral-line scale count of 98115 and 50 or 51 vertebrae. S. dori was also differentiated from S. multifasciatus (Kaup), described from one specimen from India, and S. nigrostriolatus (Steindachner and Kner) from Fiji by color and meristics.


Key words: Taxonomy, Soleidae, Soleichthys, new species, Red Sea


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